Will Bihar be the preferred real estate destination ever?

The real estate in Bihar has lately given some hope of resurgence. People are becoming more aware of their rights (the latest demonstration was their use of voting powers to call for a change of power) and wants to be a part of the developmental boom as in the rest of India. An 'Investment commision' has been formed which will look into facilitating Bihar's development and to promoting it as an investment destination'.

The state is under a process of image building for an investor-friendly state. It promises certain advantages over already developed states in terms of cheap real estate prices, limited labour-related issues and a large educated manpower at nearly one-third the cost compared to Tier I and II cities. However, Bihar is still to go miles before it does some significant improvement in infrastructure, socio-economic backwardness, and law and order.

Will the interests shown by so many of biggies like Tata Group, MaxHealthCare and ICICI translate into actual investment in Bihar?
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  • Satellite imaging of state’s seven towns completed

    PATNA: The Geographical Information System (GIS) mapping of the actual position of physical resources in seven of the 29 major and minor cities and towns in the state having municipal corporations and municipalities, undertaken through satellite imaging system, has been completed. The towns so covered are Patna, Danapur, Khagaul, Phulwarisharif, Bodh Gaya, Purnia and Katihar.

    It was revealed at the review of the three-phase urban renewal programme under implementation in 29 major and minor towns of the state with support from Department for International Development (DFID), UK. Urban development minister Prem Kumar reviewed the status of various activities undertaken with support from DFID.

    The first phase of the programme includes GIS mapping and satellite imagery. It gives boundary of municipalities and municipal corporations, state of various wards, boundary of colonies, area of the tax zone, drainage network, sewerage network, water supply network, hydrants, roads, lanes and their classifications, railway line, river, high-tension power network, transformer, water towers, cellphone towers, water pumping stations, sewerage pumping stations, waste collection points, fire tender stations, building footprints, advertisement boards (hoardings), street lights, public taps, wells, ponds, and slums, among others.

    The second phase of the urban renewal programme involves survey of land and property (buildings) to assess the actual tax to be charged on the property owned. For every holding, a holding plate has to be provided. During the third phase, specially developed software would be installed to have information on all the available resources and properties mapped. The first and second phase activities are being conducted under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM). The GIS data had been prepared with respect to Danapur, Khagaul, Phulwarisharif and Bodh Gaya. In case of Patna, the survey of the property available is going on.

    Similarly, the first phase of work has been completed in Purnia and Katihar towns, and tenders have been invited for the second phase of work. In 10 other towns - Muzaffarpur, Darbhanga, Motihari, Bettiah, Sitamarhi, Bhagalpur, Munger, Jamalpur, Kishanganj and Saharsa - the first phase of work is going on. Tenders have been invited for the start of first phase of work in 12 remaining towns - Gaya, Biharsharif, Aurangabad, Nawada, Sasaram, Dehri, Hajipur, Chhapra, Siwan, Begusarai, Ara and Rajgir.

    Satellite imaging of state’s seven towns completed - The Times of India
  • Deogarh land scam: CBI raids 52 places in Jharkhand, Bihar

    Dhanbad/Deogarh: The CBI today conducted simultaneous raids at 52 places in Jharkhand and Bihar in connection with the approximately Rs 1000 crore land scam detected in Deogarh district last year, sources in the investigating agency said.

    The raids were being carried out in Patna and in Jharkhand's Dhanbad, Dumka, Sahibganj, Latehar, Deogarh in the premises of former and current officials, who have had been posted in Jharkhand's Deogarh district registry and circle offices, besides middle men, the sources said.

    The CBI took over the investigations after initial probe by the Jharkhand Vigilance Bureau.

    The vigilance bureau had been entrusted with the investigation last year on a report by the then Deogarh Deputy Commissioner that 826 acre land was sold using fraud papers worth approximately Rs 1000 crore in Madhupur, Mohanpur and Deogarh areas in Deoghar district, the sources said.

    The entire land was protected under Santhal Pargana Tenancy Act, which protects tribal land, and was marked non-saleable.

    Days before the vigilance probe, crucial papers stored in the control room at the district treasury office were gutted in a fire, the sources said.

    The vigilance bureau had arrested three persons soon after the detection of the scam last year.

    Deogarh land scam: CBI raids 52 places in Jharkhand, Bihar
  • Families ‘exchange’ land, papers show ‘sale’, officials pocket money

    Atri, Gaya: In perhaps the most blatant violation of Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar’s flagship Mahadalit Vikas Yojana, officials in Atri block pocketed the amount allotted under the scheme to buy plots, for distribution to landless Mahadalit families, by simply choosing families that already owned land, and then showing a “purchase” through an “exchange” of plots.

    With the government setting aside Rs 20,000 for each three-decimal plot to be given to landless Mahadalit families, and most of the 70 beneficiaries picked in Bansi Bigaha village already land owners, the racket is believed to be worth Rs 14 lakh. While Bansi Bigaha earlier fell under the Atri block, it now falls under Mohda block.

    The Mahadalit Vikas Yojana was started by the Bihar government in 2009-10. Under the scheme, three decimals or 1,306.08 sq ft of land was to be given to each of the 2.18 lakh landless families belonging to 21 Scheduled Castes identified as Mahadalit in the state. Following a series of reports by The Indian Express last month on how officials had exploited the scheme for own benefit, Chief Minister Nitish Kumar ordered fresh survey for the entire state to prepare a new list of landless Mahadalits. Raniganj (Araria) Circle Officer Ramvilas Jha was earlier suspended while allotments made in Islampur block administration were suspended.

    Documents with The Indian Express show that in the case of Atri block, then circle officer Prabhat Kumar Jha — who is now the district land acquisition officer at Gaya — impressed upon 10 land-owning Scheduled Caste village farmers to “sell” their plots at the government ceiling of Rs 20,000 for three decimals. Measuring 210 decimals in all, the plots were registered in August 2010.

    However, in reality, the land deeds exchanged hands within the 10 families. The villagers, who claim not to have received any money despite government records showing “purchase”, were reportedly convinced by officials and middlemen to agree to the exchange on the promise of getting half the money as well as Indira Awas Yojana benefits.

    Mohda Circle Office papers show that the villagers swapped and cross-swapped plots in such a way that it does not look like exchange of land for land.

    Then Circle Officer Prabhat Kumar Jha, however, claimed “every payment was made through cheques”. Asked how land was distributed among “land owners” in the first place, Jha said: “It is a matter of great surprise and I need to check records.” Admitting “huge embarrassment”, he added: “I have gone by the survey list of landless Mahadalits to allot land. I also remember having made payment to all land owners.”

    Villagers, however, denied this. They said that while cheques of Rs 20,000 had been shown to them, the money never came into their accounts. They were taken to a bank and made to put thumb impression on some papers, they claimed. The villagers also alleged that the government had not handed over papers to any of the 70 beneficiaries.

    Mohda CO Yogesh Mishra admitted being aware of the “discrepancies”. “I have prepared a report as well,” he said. On why allotments had not been cancelled even after three years of the racket having surfaced, Mishra said: “Appropriate action will be taken soon.”

    Some examples of Bansi Bigaha village’s land swap:

    * Basanti Devi: Wife of the late Ranjan Manjhi, she is shown on paper to have sold 24 decimals to the government. The land was allotted to eight fellow villagers, among them Ajay and Nande Manji, sons of fellow villager Chandsur Manjhi, who had also “sold” 12 decimals to the government. One of the beneficiaries to have received Chandsur’s land was Ramphal Manjhi, the son of Basanti Devi. Interestingly, Ramphal is the government-appointed ‘Vikas Mitra’, whose job is to coordinate with the government and point out irregularities in any scheme meant for Mahadalits. Another of Basanti’s sons, Subodh Manjhi, was among beneficiaries on another plot.

    * Sudam Devi: Wife of Sriram Manjhi, she “sold” 21 decimals to the government. Her four sons — Shaukin Manjhi, Lalan Manjhi, Awdhesh Manjhi and Manoj Manjhi — got three decimals each as “beneficiaries” of land sold to the government by fellow villager Feku Manjhi. Feku’s own son Nagina Manjhi was one of the beneficiaries on plot sold by Sudam Devi. Said Sudam Devi’s son Shaukin Manjhi: “We were fooled by the Circle Officer on the promise of getting a share in land price and Indira Awas fund. We ended up exchanging plots, letting the CO and middlemen loot government money for land purchase.”

    * Jethu Manjhi: “Sold” 12 decimals to the government, with two of the beneficiaries being his own brothers, Baisakhi Manjhi and Baburam Manjhi.

    * Sudam Devi: Wife of the late Musafir Manjhi, she sold 12 decimals to the government. Devi’s daughters-in-law, Matiya Devi, Srimati Devi and Rina Devi, and grandson Lavkush Manjhi got three decimals each from the plot of another villager. “We are illiterate people. We were told Indira Awas money would be given. We went to registry office and put thumb impression on papers we were asked to,” Sudam Devi told The Express.

    Families ‘exchange’ land, papers show ‘sale’, officials pocket money
  • Bihar State Industrial Development Corporation land encroached in Jharkhand

    PATNA: The 18.71 acres land of Bihar State Industrial Development Corporation (BSIDC), which is worth 21.32 crore, has been encroached in Jharkhand's two towns - Ranchi and Sindri - as the sick corporation failed to make adequate arrangements for safeguarding its property.

    The Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG), in its latest report tabled in Bihar assembly this week, has revealed that the BSIDC land on the sprawling premises of the High Tension Insulator Factory (HTIF) at Namkum in Ranchi and the Bihar State Super-Phosphate Factory at Sindri in Dhanbad district have been encroached by different government bodies and former employees of the two factories as the BSIDC failed to make proper arrangements for security of its immovable property, which includes land and buildings.

    While the 18.21 acres of land at HTIF, Ranchi, worth 20.32 crore, has been encroached, the 0.5 acre plot worth 1 crore at Sindri is grabbed.

    According to the CAG report, the Jharkhand State Electricity Board (JSEB) constructed a grid substation on 11.39 acres of the BSIDC land (on HTIF campus) valued 13 crore (at current market price) without any payment to the corporation and also without entering into any formal agreement for either sale, lease or transfer of the land. However, the Jharkhand high court intervened in the matter and directed the JSEB in March 2005 to approach the BSIDC for taking the said land on lease. But the JSEB neither paid any amount to the corporation nor approached it for any agreement for the land, the report said.

    Similarly, 40,000 sq feet (0.92 acres) of the land at the HTIF has been encroached either by the ex-employees, families of ex-employees or outsiders for 15 years or more. The BSIDC, however, failed to take any effective step to get its land vacated. Thus, the land valued at 1.63 crore is still under encroachment, the report said.

    Moreover, a hospital has been constructed by the Employees State Insurance Corporation on 5.9 acres land worth 5.69 crore (at current market price) on the HTIF premises, without any payment to the BSIDC and without entering into any formal agreement with it, the CAG report said.

    At the Sindri factory, 0.5 acre of residential area valued at 1 crore has been grabbed by the ex-employees/outsiders since the year 2000. The BSIDC didn't take any effective step to get the residential land vacated, the CAG said.

    The BSIDC was incorporated as a government company on November 5, 1960, with the objective to promote, establish and execute medium and large industries. "The corporation has become non-functional since 1991-92 due to financial crisis and redundant technology," the report said.

    Bihar State Industrial Development Corporation land encroached in Jharkhand - The Times of India
  • 50,000 houses to be built for urban poor in Bihar

    Patna : Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar today announced that the state government will build 50,000 houses for poor people in 28 towns of the state.

    The 50,000 houses would be built under integrated housing scheme, apart from those being erected under the central project Indira Awas Yojana, the chief minister said while handing over keys of 192 newly-built houses here to beneficiaries who are urban poor.

    The houses were built in Isopur and Phulwarishrief areas of the state capital.

    Kumar emphasised the need for constructing earthquake- resistant houses saying a master plan was being prepared for such houses for Patna city.

    He also planted trees on the occasion.

    50,000 houses to be built for urban poor in Bihar
  • Originally Posted by mohan
    There need to be a change in perspective required for obvious... People outside bihar dont know about bihar... they only know about the spontaneous hillarious comment making CM and the gunda raaj but what they ignore is the amount of potential bihar has... and this is what the investors are visioning...

    I think the investors are very foresighting their profit by making investments in Bihar... their investment will entail in sure realty boom in bihar.... you can take my words for granted... east or west bihar is the best...

    I think, no one is his senses would think of investing in Bihar till the time lallu is alive. Although he has been vanquished in 2 elections, one small political mistake and that clown can be back in power. Lallu and Rabri is to Bihar what Bin-laden was to US. It will take even Nitish kumar some 20 years more to get Bihar to even a level of UP or an MP.
  • Hamara UP ka sher Akhilesh Yadav bhi aapke bihar ke Lalooooua ke raah par chal pada hai================Pati nahi ab UP ka kya hoga????
  • Land worth crore leased for ever, almost free!

    SASARAM: In a startling case, Sasaram Nagar Parishad board, on March 29 this year, decided to permanently lease out a plot of land worth at least Rs 1 crore almost free - for a monthly rent of just Rs 2 per month! According to sources, this was for the first time in the history of the Parishad that a mutation case was brought and decided at the board meeting.

    A legal expert, Chandra Bhushan Singh, who practises in Sasaram court, claimed that this case of transfer of property to a third party by the successor of the original lessee was in flagrant violation of the Indian Property Transfer Act, which clearly states that leased property could not be transferred and sub-leased to another person.

    Showing some hurry in the matter, the executive officer of Sasaram Nagar Parishad, P Lal, implemented the mutation decision without its ratification at the next board meeting, by issuing a letter on April 16, 2012, informing the beneficiary that mutation of the plot had been made in his name, sources said.

    However, Lal washed his hands off the case, saying he was bound to obey the decision of the board. He added that though the board had not decided to revise the rent of the plot, this would be done.

    On February 3, 1961, Sasaram Nagar Palika had settled 3.9 katthas of land at Sarai Road in ward number 2, now a business hub of the district, on permanent lease to one Sheikh Ashraf Hussain on a monthly rent of Rs 2. The rent was to be paid in the first week of every month and the lessee and his successors were to remain in possession of the leased property permanently.

    The documents in possession of TOI reveal that the rent was never paid on time. On April 5, 2005, rent of 21 years from 1984 to 2005 amounting to Rs 504 was paid to the Nagar Palika, sources said. They also said that after the Sheikh's demise some years back, his three sons divided the leased plot among themselves. The share of each son came to 1.3 kattha.

    Later, one of the sons, Chand Ashraf, applied to the executive officer, Sasaram Nagar Parishad, requesting transfer of his share of the leased plot to a businessman, Mumtaz Ahmad. The executive officer, instead of taking a decision on the application, placed it at the board meeting on March 29, 2012, which approved the request. At the meeting, the related documents were not presented before the members and the plot and ward number too weren't disclosed, sources said.

    They said it had not been mentioned anywhere in the original lease agreement that the plot could be transferred to a third person. Meanwhile, rent of seven years is still due.

    Land worth crore leased for ever, almost free! - The Times of India
  • Ramaiah exposes land grab in Patna

    PATNA: Divisional commissioner, Patna, K P Ramaiah on Wednesday exposed a well-knit gang of land grabbers who fraudulently occupied a piece of prime government land at Sandalpur (Bahadurpur) area here and also succeeded in constructing a five-storey building on it in connivance with an executive magistrate of Patna City subdivision.

    Aghast at the method executive magistrate Savita Soumya adopted to help the land grabbers, Ramaiah asked the Patna City SDO, Raman Kumar Singh, to conduct a thorough probe into all court orders passed by Soumya in the land-related cases, and submit him a report so that a recommendation could be sent to the government for returning the service of Soumya to her parent department. Soumya is originally a woman extension officer of the rural development department.

    Ramaiah also ordered immediate stoppage of the construction work of the building, which was being done without approval of the map by the Patna Municipal Corporation.

    The issue of land grabbing first came to the knowledge of Ramaiah last week when a poor woman, Vidya Devi, from Sandalpur met him at his Janata Darbar and complained that some local influential persons had grabbed her land after dismantling her hut. She also complained that the land grabbers were constructing a five-storey building on the land in connivance with the administration of Patna City subdivision.

    Taking her complaint seriously, Ramaiah called to his office several officers from Patna district administration, including the concerned additional collector, SDO, deputy collector land reforms, circle officer, circle inspector, police inspector and officer in charge, along with their reports about the land of Vidya Devi.

    "On verification of reports, it was found that the land actually belonged to the state government and the grabbers had fraudulently occupied it in connivance with the executive magistrate," K K Upadhyay, deputy director, information and public relations department, said in an official communique on Wednesday.

    Ramaiah exposes land grab in Patna - The Times of India
  • Towns identified for development as engines of eco. growth

    Patna: The Bihar government has identified a number of towns for development as engines of economic growth by tapping increased private sector investment, a minister said today.

    As many 29 towns have been identified for development as engines of economic growth for benefit of urban dwellers and those living in surrounding areas, Urban Development Minister Prem kumar told a national conference on 'Developing Urban Economies of Bihar'.

    The survey was being done in the towns under the cities business plan for structured economic development to make them self-sufficent in revenue, he said.

    These towns would be developed with private investment under the DIFD-sponsored urban development programme, the minister said.

    Under the long-term plant for development of towns in Bihar, a survey has been carried out by an agency, called Support Program for Urban Reforms under which 49 per cent of towns would be developed as agro-processing and trading towns, 11 per cent as educational towns and 11 per cent each as tourism-based and industrial towns respectively, Kumar said.

    The towns like Bodh Gaya and Rajgir too would be developed as international towns under this programme, he said.

    Speaking on the occasion, the DFID (India) president Sam Sharp said that an investment of Rs 500 crores has been made in India for urban development, solid waste management and setting up Self-Help Groups (SHGs) in towns and cities.

    He said that the British government department was carrying out urban development programme in nine towns in Bihar and 12,00 SHGs have been set up to work out the modality of Local Economic Development for them.

    Sharp lauded the state government for carrying out reforms in governance at various levels and said that these measures would help build basic infrastructure in the towns through private investment.

    Towns identified for development as engines of eco. growth
  • After UP Rising program promoted by Supertech on CNBC Awaaj now its Amarapli turn to take gaurd of Bihar rise on CNBC Awaaj. These Supertech and Amarapli builders have taken to lift up face of UP and Bihar on there shoulders.:D good going.......
  • Real estate in Bihar soars despite rate uptrend

    Real estate in Bihar with most of the cities termed as tier-II and III by many of the developers till late, has bucked all trends of slowdown to soar as one of the most promising real estate market. It is not just the new trend of apartments that is catching fancy of the prosperity that is noticeable in many of the urban areas, but even the land rates still continue to soar.

    Facts speak for themselves. Sale of land has grown so, that the registration department is now able to show collections beyond its wildest dreams. Notwithstanding the confusion over rates of property in and around the state capital, the volume of revenue collected by the registration department in lieu of sale of land and apartments has registered a 50% growth, vis-a-vis the same corresponding period last year.

    According to the statistics of the registration department, the state had earned Rs. 653.51 crore as revenue from the sale and purchase of land and apartments till July 2012, which is up by Rs. 219.22 crore from what was collected during the same period in 2010-11.

    Officials attributed the hike in revenue collection of the department mainly due to the sale of land in urban areas. “Patna has contributed the most,” said an official of the department, while adding that the government circle rate in various areas of the state capital may be revised in keeping with the soaring market rates.

    Admitting, that the registration of apartments has come down drastically over the last two years due to some technical difficulties, the officials said, money was now being routed to the new capital region (NCR) of Delhi and other metropolitan cities like Bangalore and Pune where prices of apartment is lower than that in Patna, with the added benefit of emenities, which Bihar land developers never offer.

    Moreover, the officials maintain that the state government’s plan to make deeds of property registration available on the net from next year is also acting as a major deterrent for the investors in real estate.

    They also said the transparency factor integrated in purchase of property of more than Rs. 30 lakh, is another issue that has discouraged moneyed people from buying houses in and around the state capital. The registration department is also looking to revise the minimum value register (MVR) rate of some localities, where it has been found to be much lower than the market price.

    Buoyed by the achievement, the registration department hopes to net Rs. 2,000 crore as revenue from sale and purchase of land and property by the end of this fiscal.

    Last year the department had collected Rs. 1,610.36 crore revenue for the state.

    Real estate in Bihar soars despite rate uptrend | Track2Realty || India's real estate e-newspaper
  • Investment can be started at individual levels also

    Hi friends!!

    i was going through this thread and amazed to such a discussion for the investments in Bihar. I also belongs to Bihar and very keen to invest here in Real estate. But i could not find any good Development authority across the state. So, just confused.

    Today i was thinking of some investment in and around cities in Bihar like Patna, Muzaffarpur etc. Lot of developments are going on between patna & Muzaffarpur. Construction of Toll road is under construction. I was just planning to buy some acres of land along the highway, which can be futher utilized for Educational Institutes or Residential development etc.

    As i am not in Bihar so just searching for some like minded investors so that can invest in group and can save some bucks.

    So, any interest or any suggestions or alternatives will be highle appreciated.

    Thanks in advance!!!
  • Patna heritage bungalows dismantled for Rs 360cr museum

    PATNA: Even as Bihar marks 100th anniversary of its foundation day at the historic Gandhi Maidan here, exhorting people to celebrate its heritage, six of the capital's British-era heritage bungalows are being dismantled to make way for a 360-crore "world-class" museum.

    The museum proposed by the state government in the nearly 13 acres area off Bailey Road here, replaces bungalows (no 2 through no 7) of colonial vintage and the adjoining vegetation cover, a move which has upset scholars and heritage lovers alike.

    "It is shocking and shameful. And, isn't it ironic that it is happening alongside Bihar Diwas? History is the worst victim of politics. For a historic city like Patna not being able to preserve its history for posterity proves the failure of the state and the cultural bankruptcy of the masses," says Shanker Dutt, an old resident of Patna and professor of English at the Patna University.

    Anil Kumar, professor of ancient Indian history, culture and archaeology at the Viswa-Bharati Univeristy at Shanti Niketan in West Bengal points out that the state government ha remained "blind and deaf to the destruction of heritage."

    Kumar is also one of the 30 scholars and academics of Bihar and outside the state who had urged chief minister Nitish Kumar to develop important historical sites, which are in total neglect, like the Mauryan site at Agamkuan, instead of spending crores for building a 'world class museum' in the city.

    "Instead of investing large sums of money on building new structures the government must use that fund to develop and refurbish existing sites. Bihar is filled with heritage and yet the idea of centrally putting a museum defeats the purpose, as instead it should be decentralised and site-specific, inviting people to travel to different heritage places in the state," says Kumar, who has devoted his last ten years researching some of the heritage places of Bihar.

    Scholars are also opposing the project, which is only a few kilometres away from Patna's old museum that they say the government could have "raised to a world-class status in fraction of the sum spent on this project".

    "The old Patna Museum built in the 1920s in Indo-Saracenic style and now itself a heritage building could have been raised to a world-class status. But it's badly utilized and fast losing its historic significance," adds Kumar.

    Kamini Sinha, associate professor of Architecture at the National Institute of Technology, Patna says, "Why couldn't those heritage bungalow themselves been converted into a museum with addition of complementary buildings around them, or maybe a hotel or a heritage resort which would have also boosted up the local heritage tourism. Why this urge to destroy heritage in the name of development.

    "They could very well have made the museum outside the maintown, which is already saturated. Why everything at the centre? Why not develop beyond the old city where as there is lot of open space available there," she asks.

    "During New Delhi's 100 years celebration we tried promoting the preservation of the Lutyens-Bungalow Zone but it's sad to learn that on Patna's centenary it is losing its colonial heritage. I think Intach- Patna Chapter must initiate the process of preservation before it's too late," sayd said A G K Menon, Convener, Intach-Delhi Chapter.

    Unlike Lutyen's bungalows in Delhi, no such protection exists for bungalows here, which were built by J F Munnings, the Australian architect, who was commissioned to build the new capital of Patna in 1912.

    Bodies such as the Nitish Kumar government constituted Bihar Heritage Development Society as well as the Intach-Patna Chapter, the Archaeological Survey of India - Patna Circle or the Bihar State Archaeology Department have kept silent on the issue, say experts.

    Among the bungalows, No 3 (3, Bailey Road) was named the "Chaplain's Bungalow" as it was the residence of the chaplain of the Christ Church,Bankipore in the city. It has now been shifted to 9, Polo Road, as per a notice on its main gate.

    The adjoining campus of MM Haque Arabic and Persian University has been moved to 34, Hardinge Road. Only bungalow No 6 remains standing while the Chaplain's Bungalow is almost gone. All the remaining have disappeared.

    Patna heritage bungalows dismantled for Rs 360cr museum - The Economic Times
  • High air pollution in Patna, cardiac ailments’ risk up

    PATNA: High air pollution in the state capital is posing a threat of not only respiratory trouble among the city residents but may also spawn cardiac problems. It is also likely to increase mortality rate among heart disease patients.

    According to the data given by Bihar State Pollution Control Board (BSPCB), the air pollution situation in the city is really disturbing. The standard annual mean Respirable Suspended Particulate Matter (RSPM) of up to 60 microgram per cubic meter is not harmful, but the RSPM mean is almost triple that level now in Patna.

    The board's data reveals that the annual average of RSPM recorded in the year 2006-2007 was 117. The figure touched 122 in 2007-2008 and in the year 2011-2012, RSPM rate grew to 167 microgram per cubic meter. BSPCB's study on health hazard of air pollution also revealed that with long exposure to RSPM, a person may develop diseases like bronchitis and pulmonary emphysema and thus, consequently, Cor Pulmonale.

    A recent study correlating cardiac deaths and air pollution by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, the largest study of its kind, found that an increase in the volume of PM2.5 particles by 10 micrometer per cubic meter of air raises the death rate among heart patients by 20%.

    Another recently released World Health Organization-endorsed data on Global Diseases Burden said that 6.2 lakh Indians died due to air pollution every year. According to cardiologist Brian Pinto from Holy Family Hospital, Mumbai, smoking increases the risk for heart diseases, but air pollution can prove to be a bigger threat.

    Patna's noted heart surgeon Dr Ajit Pradhan endorsed this view. He said smokers develop a disease called Cor Pulmonale, and those in constant exposure to dust particles too may develop the disease. Cor Pulmonale is enlargement of the right ventricle of the heart as a response to increased resistance or high blood pressure in the lungs, said Pradhan.

    Where the left ventricle (chamber) of the heart pumps blood throughout the body, the right ventricle pumps blood to the lungs where it is oxygenated and returned to the left heart for distribution. In normal circumstances, the right heart pumps blood into the lungs without any resistance. However, when a person suffers from chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD) caused due to accumulation of pollutants in the lungs, the small blood vessels become very stiff and rigid. As time passes, the right ventricle becomes too weak to push blood in the lungs and eventually fails, said Dr Pradhan, explaining the interdependence between pollution, lung disorder and Cor Pulmonale.

    A cardiologist of the Jeevak Heart Hospital, Dr Alok Kumar told TOI around 10 to 20% patients he attended suffered from COPD.

    ​High air pollution in Patna, cardiac ailments’ risk up - The Times of India