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Fire Preparedness of Mumbai Skyscrapers


Fire Preparedness of Mumbai Skyscrapers

Last updated: December 26 2017
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  • #71


    Re : Fire Preparedness of Mumbai Skyscrapers

    Fire brigade to rope in 70,000 citizen volunteers
    Attached Files


    • #72


      Re : Fire Preparedness of Mumbai Skyscrapers

      fire in kandivli, residents safe

      Last edited September 18 2016, 07:55 PM.


      • #73


        Re : Fire Preparedness of Mumbai Skyscrapers

        Goregaon building flouts norms despite Sept fire

        In a surprise fire brigade inspection of 193 buildings in Mumbai, major fire safety norm violations were found in almost 60% of them, some of which are prime residential and commercial structures in Colaba, Marine Drive and Bandra. Compliance notices have been served on the buildings. The drive was conducted from September 23 to October 4. In all, 114 buildings were found with fire norm violations, the commonest being unsealed electrical ducts, expired extinguishers, and non -functional equipment like sprinklers and fire alarms.Also, encroachments were found in refuge areas, and additions or alterations found on and under staircases. The fire brigade has issued notices to several high-rises for violations that do not appear to be very serious, but whose compliance can make a great deal of difference during emergencies.

        For example, at Bhoomi Park Phase III, Malad (West), security guards in the N wing were found to have not been trained to operate fire extinguishers and fixed firefighting equipment; neither was form B submitted (the document, certifying that fire-fighting systems are functional, needs to be submitted every six months).

        At Viceroy Park, Kandivli (East), portable fire exting uishers were absent from crucial spots and the terrace was found locked. The same violations were noted at Rushi Heights, Goregaon (East).It seems no lessons have been learnt at Rushi, where a fire broke out on the 23rd floor in September.

        Chief fire officer P Rahangdale said the fire brigade conducts regular inspections, but surprise drives are necessary . “Municipal commissioner Ajoy Mehta ordered the fire brigade to conduct this drive. Therefore, 65 nominated fire officials from our inspection cell went all around the city for surprise checks. Where deficiencies were found, notices were issued under the Maharashtra Fire Prevention Act. We plan to undertake such special drives every three months,“ he said.

        Mandatory fire-fighting equipment for high-rises include smoke detectors, fire pumps, sprinklers, riser system (comprises a vertical pipeline connected to a ground-level water tank), emergency lighting, an fire-resistant exit doors at spots separate from the main areas of a building to provide an easy escape during an emergency .

        A fire officer said people should by themselves take fire-safety measures, starting with their own flat. He said electrical circuits should not be overloaded as that may cause short-circuit.


        • #74


          Re : Fire Preparedness of Mumbai Skyscrapers

          As highrises keep multiplying, city gets its second tallest fire ladder

          Platform Arrives From Finland
          A city setting new vertical limits almost every day got its second tallest fire ladder last month. The 81-metre-tall hydraulic platform meant to fight fires in highrises in the city arrived from Finland a fortnight ago. A 90-metre platform was commissioned in August 2016.

          The fire force had set its eyes on procuring the 81-metre ladder to bridge the gap between the 70-metre ladder it had and the 90-metre ladder commissioned in 2015. Fire brigade officials said that the idea was that with highrises springing up across the city rapidly, they wanted ladders that can reach various levels. While the 90-metre ladder can reach up to 30 floors, the 81-metre ladder will reach 26 storeys.

          The 81-metre ladder, procured from Bronto Skylift Oy Ab is getting clearances from the Regional Transport Office (RTO).

          A senior fire brigade official explained, “We have applied to the local RTO for permission but due to the weight of the vehicle (48.5 tonnes) on which the ladder has been mounted, we will require special permission from the ministry of transport. Fire brigade drivers are now being trained to use the vehicle.“

          The fire brigade plans to keep one sophisticated ladder in each of its six command centres. “The 90-metre ladder is at the Byculla command centre along with the 70-metre ladder. We therefore plan to keep the 81-metre ladder, once permission is in place, at the Borivli command centre,“ said the fire brigade official.

          The other command centres are in Mankhurd, Wadala, Vikhroli and Marol. The half a dozen command centres were proposed here after the July 2005 deluge, when Mumbai came to a standstill. The idea of having a command centre was that they would be able to mobilise resources from nearby fire stations when needed, especially in times of disaster.

          Chief fire officer P Ra hangdale confirmed that the 81-metre ladder would be inaugurated soon. “The 17 mini-fire engines are expected to arrive in a fortnight, and we plan to inaugurate the new 81-metre ladder along with them,“ said Rahangdale. The next plan is to procure 64-metre and higher ladders, which will be kept at various command centres in the city .The fire brigade is also procuring motorbikes to reduce the time taken to reach a site in case of a fire in congested areas.


          • #75


            Re : Fire Preparedness of Mumbai Skyscrapers

            Fire-resistant evacuation lifts to be a must for new buildings

            MUMBAI: BMC has prepared a policy to make fire-resistant firemen evacuation liftscompulsory for buildingsabove 70 metres (22 floors) for fire-fighting and rescue operations during an emergency. The lifts will have additional power backup, fire-resistant cabins and glass, which will help firemen reach to affected floors and rescue victims.

            Residents can use the lifts on a regular basis, which will ensure they are in a working condition at all times, officials said. There have been instances when residents have died due to suffocation, trying to escape fires by using building lifts or staircases.

            The fire brigade has 90-metre hydraulic ladders that can go up to 30 floors. Beyond that, it's difficult for the fire brigade to reach out, so they need an internal mechanism in buildings for fire-fighting and rescue operations on higher floors. The policy is awaiting civic chief Ajoy Mehta's approval, after which upcoming buildings will have to install the lifts or the fire brigade will not give them an NOC, without which builders will not get the mandatory occupation certificate from BMC.

            Fire officials said that for the first time they are coming with specifications for the fire evacuation lifts after meeting lift manufacturers. The fire brigade prepared the policy after consulting all stakeholders and will incorporate in the Development Controlrules after Mehta's approval.

            The lifts must be able to carry 1,000kg or 15 persons, and must have at least two hours' fire resistance capacity, the door should have fire resistance glass, backup power supply and an emergency fire switch.

            Civic officials said the national building code states that buildings should have an external evacuation system. BMC development control rules had made a provision of a fire escape chute and lowering devices for buildings above 70 metre for rescue operations. But there are not efficient, so we are suggesting the firemen lift, which not only help rescue people, but also in fire-fighting operations, said fire officials.

            BMC will replace the chute and lowering device provision in the rules with the firemen evacuation lift.

            Fire officials said the rule will not apply to building already constructed, but many were showing interest to install them.

            Past cases

            * June 2015 | 7 persons died in a fire at a building at Lake Homes complex, Powai, mostly due to suffocation in two lifts which they were using to escape

            * Dec 2013 | 7 persons died after a major fire broke out on 26th floor of Mont Blanc building, Kemps Corner

            * June 2013 | 4 persons died due to suffocation after a fire broke out at Indusland Bank office building, MIDC, Andheri (E)

            Firemen trapped during rescue operations

            * July 2014 | A fireman died and 22 were trapped on the terrace after a fire broke out at the 22-storey Lotus Business Park at Andheri (W). A helicopter was call in for their rescue but after few hours, they controlled the fire at the staircase which helped rescue the firemen

            Key points of firemen evacuation lifts

            * Building should have fire evacuation lift instead of fire escape chute or control lowering device

            * Lift should have capacity to carry 1,000kg (or 15 persons)

            * Lift car and landing door must have at least two hours' fire resistance capacity

            * Transparent glass must have fire resistance capacity at least for two hours

            * Backup power supply and electric cable should be fire-resistant

            * Lift can be use by residents on regular basis, which will ensure they are working at all times

            * It will have an emergency fire alarm

            Talk TRUE; Talk IREF


            • #76


              Re : Fire Preparedness of Mumbai Skyscrapers

              Fire less mumbai
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