The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) is a central government agency of India. It is attached to the erstwhile Planning Commission of India, now NITI Aayog. Its objective is to collect the biometricand demographic data of residents to issue a 12-digit unique identify number called Aadhaar to each resident.It is considered the world's largest national identification number project.
As of June 2015, the legislation to back UIDAI is still pending in the Parliament of India. On 23 September 2013, the Supreme Court of India issued an interim order saying that "no person should suffer for not getting Aadhaar" as the government cannot deny a service to a resident if s/he does not possess Aadhaar, as it is voluntary and not mandatory. Some civil liberty groups, like Citizens Forum for Civil Liberties and Indian Social Action Forum (INSAF), have opposed the project on privacy concerns.
With the government saving up to 14-15 per cent in direct benefit transfers of subsidies on LPG to the beneficiaries through Aadhaar, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, recently in a review of the progress of UID project and DBT scheme, has asked authorities to accelerate the delivery of benefits and expand the applications of the Aadhaar (UID) platform. He also asked to examine the possibility of incentivising States through a one-time sharing of a portion of the savings, as a result of successful implementation of DBT schemes.

As of June 2015, 87.2
crore (872 million) have been enrolled in the project and 32.8 crore (328 million) are yet to be enrolled.


Applications and related projects

1.Direct benefit transfer
2.Aadhaar-enabled biometric attendance systems
3.Other uses by central government agencies
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