Taking a home loan? Don't get floored by the jargon. Here's a list of some of the terms used and what they mean.

Down payment
When you take a loan, the home loan company will, in most cases, not put up the entire amount. It will only put up around 80% to 90% of the cost of your home.
You will have to put in the balance 20% or 10%.
Even if they go up to 95%, you will still have to put in the balance 5%.
This down payment, which will have to be made by you, is also referred to as the margin.

Credit appraisal

The home loan company will take a look at a number of parameters before a loan is sanctioned. These include your savings, income, age, qualifications, nature of work, work experience, number of loans being serviced and dependents.
This information will determine whether or not you are eligible for a loan and what the sanctioned amount should be.
This process is known as credit appraisal.

Offer Letter
Once the loan is sanctioned, you will get an offer letter stating a number of details.
Loan amount
• Rate of interest
• Fixed/ flexible rate of interest
• Tenure of the loan
• EMI amount
• If offered under a special scheme, details of the scheme
• Any other conditions of the loan
This letter does not mean the loan is yours. It only means the home loan company has agreed to consider you as one of its customers.
It will then look into the various property and legal documents as well as the value the property you are buying. The loan will only be disbursed once these formalities are complete.

PDCs
Post-dated cheques are dated ahead of time and cannot be processed till the date indicated.
Generally, the home loan company will ask for a year's supply of cheques or maybe even two or three years. At the end, you will have to replenish the supply for the following years.
These cheques will be addressed to the home loan company, signed by you and will state the exact EMI to be paid.

Pre-approved property
Many builders get their properties pre-approved by home finance companies. Generally, if a builder gets pre-approved by a number of players, it speaks well of the builder.
The home finance company will examine all the legal documentation and approvals. If everything is in order, the builder will get a stamp of approval. Also, the home loan player will view the builder's ability and track record to complete the construction on time.
However, this does not mean the home finance company is going to take any action or waive any charges if the construction is delayed.
All it means is that the property falls within the legal purview and the builder has a good track record.

Equated Monthly Installments
An EMI is the amount of money you will have to pay every month in order to repay your loan. It is an unequal combination of your loan amount (principal) and the rate of interest.
To arrive at the EMI, the home loan financier will look at:
• The principal (the actual loan amount)
• The repayment period (the number of years you will take to repay the loan)
• The rate of interest
• How the rate of interest is computed (monthly reducing, quarterly reducing or annual reducing basis)

Full disbursement
A full disbursement is when the entire cost is paid at one go; the home loan company hands over the entire payment to the seller.
The cheque is disbursed (it is never in cash) only when you have submitted all the documents required and have made the down payment.
If this is a resale, then the cheque is made out in the seller's name.
If you are purchasing your home from a builder, then it is in the builder's name.

Partial disbursement
A partial disbursement is made in stages (not at one go, as in the case of full disbursement).
If you purchase an apartment that is under construction from a builder, the home loan company will not release the full payment at one go. The money will be released in stages.
For instance, after the completion of the first floor, 20% of the payment will be made. After the completion of the last floor, 70% and so on and so forth. In this case, payment is linked to how the construction progresses and is disbursed accordingly.

Pre-EMI
When you buy a home that is under construction, the home loan company will not pay the entire amount to the builder.
Payment will be made in stages. As construction is completed, payment is released. This is known as partial disbursement.
You start paying your EMIs only after the final disbursement. Till then you pay the home loan company a rate of interest on the amount partially disbursed. This interest is called pre-EMI.
If your home loan is going to cost you 8% interest, you will be charged 8% simple interest on payments made till date. This will go on till the final payment (disbursement) is made and your EMIs start.
So, the longer your builder takes to complete construction, the more you end up paying.

Advance Disbursement Facility
If the house is still under construction, then a partial disbursement is made. However, in some cases, the home loan company may be willing to make the entire payment even if the construction is not complete.
This is known as an advance disbursement and will occur only if the buyer requests the home loan company to do so and the home loan company is fairly convinced the builder will complete the construction on time.

Floating interest rate
A floating interest rate means that the lender will change the interest rate over the tenure of the loan, depending on the interest rates in the economy.
If interest rates rise, the home loan interest rate will rise. If interest rates fall, the home loan interest rates will fall.
In the case of fixed interest rates, however, it stays constant irrespective of how interest rates are moving in the economy.

Resale
This is the term used when you are buying a home from someone who already owns it. A resale means you are buying the home from its owner and not from a builder.
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  • Types of Home Loans

    Types of Home Loans

    Let us understand the different types of Home Loans available for different purposes.

    Lending institutions like banks and housing finance companies offer different types of home loans for a wide gamut of housing activities. Some of the popular housing loans are:

    Home Purchase Loans: There are the basic home loans for the purchase of a new home.

    Home Improvement Loans: These loans are given for implementing repair works and renovations in a home that has already been purchased by you.

    Home Construction Loans: These loans are available for the construction of a new home.

    Home Extension Loans: Are given for expanding or extending an existing home. For example addition of an extra room, etc.

    Land Purchase Loans: These loans are available for purchase of land for both home construction or investment purposes.

    Bridge Loans: Bridge Loans are designed for people who wish to sell the existing home and purchase another. The bridge loan helps finance the new home, until a buyer is found for the old home.

    Balance Transfer: Balance Transfer loans help you to pay off an existing home loan and avail the option of a loan with a lower rate of interest.

    Refinance Loans: These loans help you pay off the debt you have incurred from private sources such as relatives and friends, for the purchase of your present home.

    Stamp Duty Loans: These loans are sanctioned to pay the stamp duty amount that needs to be paid on the purchase of property.
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