Opinion on title of property:

The foremost points for consideration for rendering title opinion are as follows:

1. Identify who the seller is and get his full particulars

2. Find out the nature of his right. The seller’s right may be absolute, conditional or limited. It is always advisable to deal with absolute rights

3. Trace the title of the seller for at least 30 years. The title of the seller may be by purchase, by inheritance, by partition, by gift, by settlement or by grant

4. Ask for and see all the documents in original

5. If there are any conditions in the documents, examine the conditions, and if the conditions restrict or prohibit the transfer or alienation, do not proceed.

6. Find out the extent of the property and see whether it tallies with the one mentioned in the documents. Verify the survey number, location and boundaries and get the land measured through a competent surveyor

7. Examine the sketch or plan of the property

8. Verify with the revenue records and confirm that the seller is in possession of the property and has paid all the dues and taxes applicable

9. See if necessary orders for conversion is obtained in case the land is sold as house sites in case the property is assessed as an agricultural land

10. Verify the documents with the Encumbrance Certificate obtained from the SRO concerned. EC should be obtained for at least a period of 13 years

11. If there is a building see whether proper planning permission has been obtained. Also verify the completion certificate and latest tax receipt

12. All documents examined, should be original to ensure that the seller has a clear title and that there are no encumbrances on the property such as lien or mortgage or any other charge. Non-availability of any original document should be taken seriously. If the originals might have been lost by misplacement, fire, or by some other means, ask for an affidavit, from the owner to the effect that the original title deeds are really lost and that he has not created any charge, or deposited it with anybody. A paper publication can also be given.
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