NRI home loans have reached to an annual growth rate of 50 per cent and now account for 15-20 per cent of the banks' retail portfolio. There is a growing level of interest among the NRIs in the Indian real estate sector. They are interested in acquisition of property either for future occupation, rental income or for pure investment

Factors that favor the NRIs are the relaxations made in the recent review of the credit policy.
RBI has dispensed with the lock-in period for the remittance of sales proceeds of immovable property of NRIs or PIOs (Persons of Indian Origin) from their non-resident ordinary account. Earlier, the remittance from such sales proceeds had a lock-in period of 10 years. They can also remit up to $ 1 million per calendar year for any bonafide purpose.
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  • My question is about NRI's who have parental property here in India; Are they authorized to sell the property and take their money out of India to the country of their residence. Is there some limitation on this money? How can an NRI legally get their money out of India?
  • Hi Dennis,

    This would be really difficult. You would want to check with a good lawyer
  • Here are the answers to some questions pertaining to tax liabilities of NRIs.

    What decides my tax liability?
    To ascertain your tax liability, your residential status is determined first. You have to pay taxes, depending on your residential status. Under the provisions of the law, you could be: *a resident *a resident but not ordinarily resident in India (RNOR) *a Non-resident Indian (NRI)

    Does my residential status changes only once in my lifetime?
    The answer is no. Under the provisions of the I-T law, the residential status of a taxpayer is determined every year. Initially, a person could be a resident; his status may change to being non-resident. In case this NRI decides to come back to India, his status would change to resident but not ordinarily resident. This is an ever-changing process.

    What is my status if I have recently returned to India?
    For three financial years after your return to this country, you enjoy the status of being a resident but not an ordinary Indian. This means your taxation liabilities will be similar to that of an NRI’s.

    Do I have to pay taxes in India if I am an NRI?
    You do not have to pay taxes in India in case you are not earning anything here. In case you are making a certain profit in India (even if it is through money lying in in your savings account which is known as passive income), that particular part of your income will be taxed in India while the remaining part of your income would be taxed in the country of your residence.

    Is it a must for NRIs to pay advance tax?
    As an NRI, if your tax liability exceeds Rs 10,000 in a financial year, you are required to pay advance tax. In case you fail to do so, you will have to pay an interest on the outstanding liability under Section 234B and Section 234C of the I-T Act. Advance tax is part payment of your tax liabilities, and individual pays as he earns under the scheme. The tax is applicable if you are making money from sources other than your monthly salary. Gains made through sale of property, interest earned on investments, profits gained through business, etcetera, attract advance tax payments.

    What are the deductions allowed to NRI?
    On a par with residents, NRIs are allowed deductions for houses purchased in India. *Under Section 80D, NRIs can also claim deduction of up to Rs 40,000 in a financial year for health insurance premiums. *Under Section 80E, NRIs can also claim deduction on interest paid against education loans. *Under Section 80G, NRIs also claim deduction on charity and donations. *Under Section 80TT-A, NRIs also claim deduction on interest earned on money lying in savings bank accounts. There is a cap of up to Rs 10,000 on that income, though, which is applicable to both residents and non-residents.

    What are the deductions not allowed to NRI?
    Unlike resident Indian, NRI do not enjoy deductions on some investments under Section 80C of the I-T Act. These include: *Investment in the Public Provident Fund (You can, however, maintain your PPF accounts if you opened them while they were a resident.) *Investment in the National Savings Certificate *Investments in five-year Post-Office Deposit Scheme *Investment in senior-citizen savings scheme *Investment in the Rajiv Gandhi Equity Savings Scheme *Deductions given to differently-abled people under Section 80DD, Section 80DDB and Section 80U

    How do I ensure I am not taxed twice for the same income?
    India has signed pact with over 80 countries known as the Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement so that NRIs do not end up paying taxes twice – once in Indian and once in the country of their residence – on the same income. Under the provisions of the treaty, there are two ways to ensure there is no overlapping of tax payments. Under the exemption method, a person is taxed in one country and exempted in another. In the credit input method, you income is taxed in both countries, and the exemption is claimed in the country of your current residence.

    What forms do NRIs have to fill to file taxes?
    An NRI earnings a passive income in India has to fill the ITR-1. However, in this case, the income should not exceed Rs 5 million. In case an NRI has taxable capitals gains or income from more than two house properties, he has to file his return using ITR-2 form.

    Is having an Aadhaar must for NRI, too, for filing taxes?
    The answer is no. While resident Indians are required to quote their Aadhaar numbers for filing of taxes under Section 139AA of the Income-Tax Act, this rule does not apply to NRI. The Central Board of Direct Taxes has said that NRI are not “residents” under the provisions of the Aadhaar Act, 2016.